Coronavirus (COVID‑19)

Also called: 2019-nCov, 2019 Novel Coronavirus

  • Overview
  • Symptoms
  • Prevention
  • Treatment

Coronaviruses (Latin. Corona = “wreath, crown”, from characteristic club-shaped spikes that project from their surface) are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

The most recently discovered coronavirus causes the coronavirus disease, COVID-19, an illness that can affect your lungs and airways. The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva (spit) or discharge from the nose when an infected person speaks, coughs or sneezes.

Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, and tiredness. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but only have very mild symptoms.

  1. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing hospital treatment.
  2. Around 1 out of every 5 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing.
  3. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart and lung problems, diabetes, or cancer, are at higher risk of developing serious illness.

However, anyone can catch COVID-19 and become seriously ill. Even people with very mild symptoms of COVID-19 can transmit the virus. People of all ages who experience fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek immediate medical attention.

As with other respiratory infections like the flu or the common cold, public health measures are critical to slow the spread of illnesses. Public health measures are everyday preventive actions that include:

  1. Staying home when sick
  2. Wear a mask to protect yourself and others
  3. Covering mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue when coughing or sneezing. Dispose of used tissue immediately
  4. Washing hands often with soap and water
  5. Cleaning frequently touched surfaces and objects.
  6. Maintain a distance of at least 1 metre (3 feet) from others.

To date, there is no vaccine and no specific antiviral medicines against COVID-19. Mild symptoms can usually be treated at home. If your symptoms are severe, medical care may be needed until you recover. However, people with serious illness may need to be hospitalized so that they can receive life-saving treatment for complications. Most patients recover thanks to such care. 

Possible vaccines and some specific drug treatments are currently being explored. They are being tested through clinical trials in many countries, and global organizations, such as the WHO, are coordinating efforts to develop vaccines and medicines to prevent and treat COVID-19.

Resources

FOCUS complies valuable resources and opportunities from across Cambodia to help support our community during the Covid-19 pandemic and beyond.

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If you or someone you know needs support, visit our resources page and learn more about the different options currently available. Together, we are stronger.

FOCUS Health

FOCUS Personal Finance

The Pandemic Spurs Help within Communities While Some People Become Immoral Opportunists

Since the spread of Covid-19 in Cambodia, a wave of help across communities has continuously been enlisted. Government officials have offered up their salaries to the Inter-Ministerial Committee to Combat Covid-19, while Cambodian people have come to the aid of others with money for the expenses of equipment to combat the virus. Also, communities have supported one another with food supplies, masks, hand sanitizers and soaps, in particular to those who could not afford them, and some landlords have been reported given discounts to their tenants. 

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FOCUS Education

How to Avoid Covid-19 Fake News

The means of sharing and receiving large amounts of information has become incredibly convenient and quick in the current age of globalizing information.

If you like to read and conduct research online, every bit of information or current event occurring around the globe seems to be in your hand.

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Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung in Cambodia

Freedom, justice and solidarity are the basic principles underlying the work of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS). The KAS is a political foundation, closely associated with the Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU).

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Department of Media and Communication (DMC)

Department of Media and Communication (DMC) at Royal University of Phnom Penh was established in 2001 as the first academic training centre for communication, journalism, and media in Cambodia.

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Smart Axiata Co., Ltd.

Smart Axiata Co., Ltd., Cambodia’s leading mobile telecommunications operator, currently serves 8 million subscribers under the ‘Smart’ brand. Smart is part of Axiata Group Berhad, one of Asia’s largest telecommunications groups.

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The Delegation of the European Union

The Member States of the European Union have decided to link together their know-how, resources and destinies. Together, they have built a zone of stability, democracy and sustainable development whilst maintaining cultural diversity, tolerance and individual freedoms.

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